Financing Supply Chain Resilience

Zoom Research Seminar / GF Forum

26 June 2024

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Prof. Dr. Andreas Kilian Gernert

Assistant Professor for Sustainable Operations

Kühne Logistics University - KLU

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Sairam SriramanTUM School of Management,Technical University of Munich

David WuttkeTUM School of Management,Technical University of Munich

Volodymyr BabichGeorgetown University - McDonough School of Business


We examine how financing arrangements and frictions affect supply chain resilience investments. In our game-theoretic model of a buyer, a supplier, and a bank, the supplier can invest in resilience, which reduces the supplier's production losses in case of a shock. The supplier is financially constrained and faces two financing frictions: moral hazard costs (the resilience investment is unobservable) and bankruptcy costs (future cash flows are lost in bankruptcy). We compare two financing arrangements: Under commercial loan financing, the supplier requests a loan from the bank; under buyer-intermediated financing (BIF), the supplier also obtains a loan from the bank, but the buyer guarantees the repayment and proposes the loan terms. Under commercial loan financing, we find that moral hazard costs can lead to credit rationing, limiting the supplier's resilience investments. In contrast, bankruptcy costs can accentuate these investments and change the direction of the moral hazard effect on investments. Bankruptcy costs can even motivate the supplier to invest more in resilience than she would without financing frictions. The buyer benefits from resilience and offers BIF only if it mitigates credit rationing. When BIF is offered, it always increases resilience. Surprisingly, financing frictions can increase the expected value for one of the firms: either the buyer or the supplier. The supplier's bankruptcy costs benefit the buyer when the supplier uses a commercial loan. Moral hazard costs can benefit the supplier when they motivate the buyer to offer BIF.



Prof. Dr. Andreas Gernert is Assistant Professor for Sustainable Operations at KLU. Before joining KLU, Andreas was a post-doctoral researcher in the Technology and Operations Management Area at INSEAD. He obtained his PhD at the EBS University in the Institute for Supply Chain Management and his Master of Science in Mathematics at Ulm University.

Prof. Dr. Gernert's current research examines policies, business models, and strategies pertaining to the three dimensions of sustainability - environmental, social, and economic. In this realm, he utilizes Game Theory, Optimization, and Statistics (i) to characterize policies that enhance efficiency and fairness in processes that support people in need, (ii) to identify profitable and impactful business models for entrepreneurs in developing countries' emergency management systems, (iii) to study different strategies to mitigate financial distress in supply chains, and (iv) to examine interventions that are supposed to reduce child labor in the agricultural sector. His research has been published in the Decision Sciences and Production and Operations Management. 

Prof. Dr. Gernert teaches Operations Management and Sustainable Supply Chain Management. To facilitate the students' learning experience, Prof. Dr. Gernert utilizes interactive and student-centered teaching methods such as case study discussions and educational games.  


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Ekaterina Neigum

Team Assistant (Resident Faculty)